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        There are many legends and stories relating to the history of Izmail origin. According to the data of the Old Russian and the ancient Greek written monuments and archaeological sources, many different tribes and peoples lived on the banks of the river Danube. In 1979 they made the diggings of the most ancient archaeology monument, found on the outskirts of Izmail, near Matroska village. Archaeologists suggest that the settlement belonged to the farmers, so-called gumelnitskaya culture. As you know, the tribes of the gumelnitskaya culture inhabited the banks of the river Danube, the Katlabukh lake and the Yalpukh lake as well in VI millennium BC. During diggings in the area of the Krivoye Lake (located at the eastern end of the city) they found the pottery, the utensils, amphorae with the marks and inscriptions in ancient Greek. The results of the archaeological diggings and the study of the ancient Greek written monuments allowed the scientists to advance the hypothesis pertaining to the foundation of the trading station by the ancient Greeks at this place, i.e. the trade settlement, which they called Antifila and which was translated as “unloved”. The settlement was named in such a way due to the frequent devastating forays of the local nomadic tribes.

  In II century AD the Romans appeared on the banks of the river Danube. Near the mouth of the river Repida (in translation - Bystraya) – the feeder of the river Danube - they built the fortress and named it as Smornis. The fact that there were the Roman legionnaires is confirmed by the traces of their settlements found on the territory between the shipyard and the Matroska village, i.e. the Roman coins, the amphorae fragments and etc. 

In the middle of XIII age this locality was taken by “Gold Horde”. Only smoke, earth and ash, as a chronicler narrates, remained in place of ancient slavonic city Smil. After almost a century after liberation from under power of Gold Horde from ruins of Smil grew Sinil, new town, entering at the end of XIV age in the complement of Moldavian principality. In 1538 this town was captured by the troops of sultans, which renamed a settlement in Ishmasl' (in a translation from Turkish - "hear god"). The rulers of sultans are forced were to fix defensive power of Ishmaslya. They not only erected a new powerful fortress but also gave her the new name - Izmail. Exactly to this fortress one of glorious pages is related in history of the Russian weapon. on December, 11, 1790 during Russian-Turkish war 1787-91 a fortress was taken by assault by the Russian troops under leadership of one of the greatest war-lords of all times and people - general-ansheff A.V.Suvorov.